Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi also called Mahatma Gandhi (Sanskrit: “great soul”) was born in Porbandar, Gujarat, British India, October 2, 1869 – died in New Delhi, India, January 30, 1948 at the age of 78 years is a spiritual leader and a politician of India.
During the life of Gandhi, many countries that were colonies of Great Britain. Population in the colonies crave independence to govern their own country.
Gandhi is one of the most important involved in the Indian Independence Movement. She is an activist who does not use violence, which carries the independence movement through peaceful demonstrations.
Biography of Mahatma Gandhi
Mahatma Gandhi is one of the many leaders of India, known as the man who is full of peace. Gandhi is known as a leading figure of the people of India to escape the shackles of the British penjajarahan berasakan peace. As an adherent of Hinduism, Gandhi applying religious teaching to inspire the world to renounce violence, respect human rights, and freedom.
Gandhi was born in orbandar, Gujarat, on October 2, 1869. He was the son of a senior politician named Karamchand Gandhi with Putibai Gandhi, who is a fourth wife. Gandhi lived in a Hindu Bania community located in the coastal area of ??Gujarat. In May of 1883, when the 13-year-old Gandhi, Gandhi was betrothed and married to Kasturbai Makhanji aged 14 years, in accordance with customary law and culture. When Gandhi was 15 years old, his first son was born but died a few days later. Not long afterwards, Gandhi’s father also passed away. Along with Kasturba, Gandhi had 4 children namely Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas and Devdas.
Gandi is not an excellent student. Gandhi was only listed as a student who speaks English well and good at the lead. However, with hard work, Gandhi passed the entrance exam and was listed as a student in Samaldas College at Bhavnagar, Gujarat. In 1888, Gandhi taking the school of law at University College, London. There, he studied Indian law and learn to become a lawyer in the Inner Temple. When life London, Gandhi tried to keep his promise to his mother as a monk to not eat meat so he starve in quite some time until finally he found a vegetarian restaurant. After that, Gandhi joined the Vegetarian Society. In the community, Gandi able to attract more people to study Buddhism and Hinduism. In 1875, they founded the Theosophical Society and served as its leader Gandhi. In his message, she was asked to read the Bhagavad Gita for the new believers.
In 1891, Gandhi returned to India after hearing news of her mother’s death. In addition, efforts to implement legal Gandhi in Bombay also not running smoothly because Gandhi is a figure who is not good at public speaking. Two years later, Gandhi Gandhi developed his career by working in the shade of Dada Abdullah & Co. in South Africa.
Gandhi lived in South Africa for twenty-one years. In South Africa Gandhi political science and began to hone leadership skills. Moreover, Gandhi also learn tolerance. At that time, Gandhi was a lawyer whose firm led by millionaire Indian Muslim nationality. Although Gandhi at the time the rights of Hindus are not equivalent, Gandhi learned to charitable on behalf of the nation. Moreover, Gandhi many get poor treatment of racism there. Life in South Africa Gandhi taught many things about discrimination. Gandhi believed that he was capable of building bridges for different communities and religious history. Belief that he brought up when he returned to India.
Besides India, Gandhi was also instrumental in the struggle for human rights in South Africa. In 1894 Natal Indian Congress Gandhi helped to unify the political voice that made Gandhi was attacked in 1897 by the demonstrators were white. Later, in the year 196 September 11, Gandhi held a demonstration Satyagraha (devotion to the truth) where Gandhi initiated the non-violent demonstrations. Since then, the concept of Satyagraha widely known and widely adopted by many nations.
After successfully initiated a human rights struggle in South Africa, Gandhi returned to the Indians in 1915. Known as a nationalist, theorist, and organizer, Gandhi joined the Indian National Congress. There he met with Gopal Krishna Gokhale who many thought inspired Gandhi. In 1920, Gandhi began to take over leadership of the Indian National Congress, and successfully led India to independence, ten years later, on January 26, 1930. However, the UK still has the power in the government of India.
At the end of 1930, Gandhi government withdraw political support when Viceroy government declared war on Germany without the approval of the Indian government. Pemerintaan Gandhi urged the UK to provide the absolute independence for India. Insistence that impact on the imprisonment of Gandhi and other Indian scholars. At the same time, the Muslim League allied with the British government wanted a separate area on the Hindus. In August 1947, the British divided India for Hindus and Pakistan for the Muslims. Since then, Pakistan wants absolute freedom for them but Gandhi did not approve.
Separation area between the Hindus and Muslims made many terrible events in the history of India. Events that until now still common are crimes of genocide and war between the two religions and the Christian. By 16 August 1946, Gandhi went to the area to stop the racial war. On 14-15 August 1947, India’s independence was proclaimed.
In addition to India’s independence, Gandhi has played a part in some important world events of the time. Gandhi is known as a fighter for the rights of women with early marriage and opposes women in the campaign mngikutsertakan salt tax increase identity of Indian women in those days.
In addition to getting a lot of praise as accomplished leaders, Gandhi also has a lot of enemies. On January 30, 1948, Gandhi was shot by Nathuram Godse while Gandhi wanted to worship. Nathuram Godse was a Hindu nationalist extremists who do not agree with the decision Gandhi Gandhi over economic decision for Pakistan. Gandhi’s death reveals some positive changes in Indian governance; one of which is a consolidation of the Indian government. Nehru and Patelyang at that time active in the government stating that the party guilty of the racial incident is not the Muslims.
In accordance with Hindu tradition, Gandhi was cremated at Rajghat, Delhi. Abu Gandhi stocked in many places as a memoriam; Sangam at Allahabad, Ni River in Uganda, cemetery memorial, Aga Khan Palace where Gandhi was imprisoned in 1942 until 1944, and the Self-Realization Fellowship Lake Shrine in Los Angeles ..
For his services, Mahatma Gandhi received many awards. One of the most award attached to it is the name of the Mahatma, which means great soul (Great Soul).
Heritage and depictions in popular culture
Mahatma titles often misunderstood in the West as a first name Gandhi. Mahatma is a Sanskrit word derived from maha (meaning Great) and atma (meaning Soul). Rabindranath Tagore is mentioned as the person who first gave the title to Gandhi. In his autobiography, Gandhi said that he never liked the title and is often hurt by it.
Mahatma Gandhi’s life story has been poured into the film, literature, and theater. Ben Kingsley who played Gandhi in the film Gandhi in 1982, won the Academy Award for Best Actor. The Making of the Mahatma which was released in 1996 documented the lives of Gandhi in South Africa. Gandhi is also a central theme in the 2006 Bollywood film Lage Raho Munna Bhai. In 2007, a film called Gandhi, My Father tells the relationship between Gandhi and his son Harilal.
The word virtue is remembered Mahatma Gandhi: ( Mahatma Gandhi Quotes )
“Love is never asked, he was always giving, love brings misery, but never bear a grudge, never revenge. Where there is love there is life; when hatred leads to extinction. ”
“Be ye man at birth everyone laughing happily, but only you yourself are crying and in death all those sad tears, but only you yourself are smiling.”
Mahatma Gandhi Profile | Biodata Mahatma Gandhi
Full Name: Mahatma Gandhi
Alias: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Place of Birth: Porbandar, Gujarat, India
Date of Birth: Saturday, October 2, 1869
Alfred High School, Rajkot
Samaidas College, London
Lawyers; Dada Abdulla & Co..
Member of Indian National Congress
Wife: Kasturba Gandhi
Children: Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas
Father: Karamchand Gandhi
Mother: Putibai Gandhi